Root Scaling and Planing
If you have sensitivity and bleeding in your gums, then there are chances that you are having an inflammation of your gums. The best way to get rid of this infection before it can cause permanent damage, is to get your teeth cleaned with the help of a scaling and a root planing procedure.
What Is Scaling and Root Planing?
Scaling and root planing, also known as conventional periodontal therapy or non-surgical periodontal treatment, is a procedure that is performed to eliminate the factors causing inflammation of the gums by thoroughly removing plaque from root surface. After complete plaque removal, the roughened surface of the roots is smoothed and polished in order to prevent future adherence of bacteria that can cause inflammation or infection of the gums and their surrounding structures.
Why Is it Required?
Despite your best efforts to maintain an optimal oral hygiene through regular brushing and flossing, fa thin layer of food and bacterial debris, known as the dental plaque can still get deposited in the spaces between the teeth and the gums. This dental plaque gradually calcifies and becomes dental calculus, which can cause severe inflammation of the gums and leads to the formation of gaps, or periodontal pockets, between the gums and teeth. If this condition is not reversed promptly, it can lead to widening of the periodontal pockets, not only aggravating the inflammation of the gums, but also causing permanent destruction of the bone surrounding the teeth and the gums. In this condition, a scaling and root planing procedure is required to treat gingival inflammation.
Who Can Benefit from this Procedure?
You should undergo a scaling and root planing procedure, if your gums are:
Another indication for scaling and root polishing is mobile teeth, which occur due to the destruction of jaw bone due to inflammation.
How Is the Procedure Performed?
Following steps are involved in a scaling and root planing procedure:
- Clinical Examination – before starting the procedure, your dentist will first perform a detailed examination of your teeth and gums. During the examination, the dentist will place a probe between the teeth and the gums to record the depth of the gingival pockets as well as the severity of gingival inflammation.
- Local Anesthesia – a local anesthesia is administered to the patient before initiating the procedure, so that the patient remains comfortable and pain-free during the procedure.
- Cleaning the Gums and Teeth – in the next step, the dentist uses hand and ultrasonic instruments to remove plaque and calculus from the gingival pockets as well as the tooth surfaces. At this stage, some dentists place antibiotic fibers inside the gingival pockets to accelerate the healing process.
- Smoothening the Root Surfaces – after thorough cleaning of the teeth and the gums has been performed, the surface of the tooth roots is made smooth to prevent plaque deposition.
After the Procedure
Since scaling and root planing involve the mechanical removal of plaque from the teeth, patients can feel mild to moderate discomfort and even slight bleeding of the gums following the procedure. Dentist usually prescribe a pain-killer to take care of the pain. In addition, your dentist may also provide you with antibiotics to reduce the periodontal infection.
Preventing Future Gingival Inflammation
If you don’t want to have gingival inflammation in the future, then you should take care of the following:
- Maintain Regular Oral Hygiene – the chances of having gingival inflammation are markedly reduced if you take care of your dental health.
- Avoid Smoking – tobacco smoking or chewing can result in damage to the gums and the jaw bone. Therefore, reducing smoking can prevent gingival inflammation and infection.
- Visit Your Dentist Regularly – by visiting your dentist regularly, you will rest assured that any dental problem is treated at the earliest stage, before any permanent damage is done.
How Can We Help?
At Desai dental, take care of all your dental problems and ensure that you are treated with the highest standards of quality and care. If you have bleeding or sensitivity in your gums, visit us today, so that we can get rid of the inflammation in your gums by removing plaque and calculus from your teeth and gums.