Dental bone grafting is a surgical technique in which bone is added to the jaw, Bone grafting is used to add volume to the jaw bone ridge or maintain the bone level where it is thin, usually after performing a tooth extraction. Good bone levels are necessary for receiving dental implants.
Why Is It Required?
Bone grafting is used for medical purposes—to maintain optimal bone structure, and for cosmetic purposes—the bones in the jaw and face support the muscles and skin.
Bone grafts are used to fix bone or joint problems, as well as the healing of injuries, by aiding in bone formation and growth. It may be required for people who have had injuries or trauma to their face, who have had gum disease or defects in their teeth, who have been wearing dentures, or who have had teeth removed or other dental procedures in which natural bone was diminished.
Who Can Benefit From This Procedure
In the past, dental implants, such as dentures, were placed in the mouth without bone grafting. Because the dentures were not attached to the underlying bone structure of the jaw, the jaw bones were not experiencing any resistance, and were gradually wearing away. Eventually, patients with dentures would have such regression of the jaw that the shape of the patient’s face would change and the dentures would no longer fit. Sometimes, further procedures were necessary, such as removing rib bone from the patient to use in the jaw, in order to help the jaw maintain shape.
Now with bone grafting, the patient’s bone is used to support the dental implant and grows around it. This reduces bone loss and helps maintain healthy bones and jaw form.
How Is The Procedure Performed?
Bones in our bodies can regenerate, and a bone graft provides them the space to do so. Bone grafting uses material from the patient’s body, or a natural or artificial substitute, to replace lost bone. Usually, the new bone will fully replace the bone graft. After the procedure and the healing process, the patient will have completely regenerated bone where there had been damage or trauma before.
The procedure is performed by an oral surgeon. First, the former tooth is removed if necessary. Then, the surgeon opens an incision in the gum to the bone, and drills holes and then places the bone graft.
Within in a few months, bone growth and osseointegration occurs which merges the underlying jaw bone with the bone graft. The bone graft is absorbed into the patient’s bone structure. Once healed and integrated into the underlying bone the final dental implant, such as the replacement tooth, can be implanted.
After The Procedure
Osseointegration after the placement of the bone graft can take a few months. You may experience problems typical to any medical procedure such as swelling, bruising, pain, or bleeding at the site of the graft. If the pain gets worse, you may need to speak with your dentist about pain medication.
Usually, dissolving stitches are used so they do not need to be removed later. Until the site heals you may need to eat a special diet of soft foods. Within a few months, the bone grafting process with be complete and the dental implant will be placed, which may require a local anesthetic during the procedure.
How Can We Help?
At Desai dental, we take care of all your dental problems and ensure that you are treated with the highest standards of quality and care. Before any procedure, we’ll discuss your options with you, so you can get the treatment you need.